Impatti sociali dell'intelligenza artificiale:Main Page/en
Artificial intelligence is the discipline that deals with the paradigms, tools and applications that are capable of reproducing the behavior of intelligent beings.
In the words of Marvin Minsky, one of the "pioneers" of the IA, the aim of this new regulation was to "make machines do things that would require intelligence if they were made by men."
The development of the discipline has undergone many twists and turns with periods of excitement, as opposed to strong disillusionment.
The evolution of the Internet with the ability to interconnect things and people and the evolution in artificial intelligence are two synergistic phenomena that will change now. This poses social, ethical and economic as well as scientific issues we must address.
In recent years we are seeing a growing number of tangible results that give hope and fear to a significant impact on the way we live, learn, work.
Hope because the results lead to improvements in various fields with significant returns on the services that you can enjoy. Some achievements are now within everyone's reach:
Intelligent assistants able to communicate with a person answering questions too complex, search engines are able to "understand" the sources who read and lead to the user with the desired result, not relying solely on search words, but the meaning of the sentences,tools that can translate from one language to another text and voice, applications that can analyze a photo or movie and extract meaningful information from these sources, robots that can learn by simply observing the actions of a person
fear because this development can undermine a development model based on human work and pay the same.
That provided in the workplace is a particularly significant impact: to have applications that can replace human activities, even sophisticated, will produce, by some economists (Ai and Labour), an impressive increase in unemployment levels.
On Dec. 11, 2014 in Pisa was created a panel dedicated to this topic Artificial Intelligence will create o destroy work
This year in Ferrara will hold a similar event which aims to continue the analysis and understand its effects on the social, economic and environmental. Ferrara: social, economical, environment Impact of Artificial Intelligence
The Future Life Institute has published an open letter signed by many researchers to promote the analysis and urgence of taking of responsibility on the impacts that these technologies can have on humanity (Open Letter)
According to many forecasts in 2050 will be more than 9 billion people, with a percentage of over sixty that will exceed 22%. It 'a scenario sustainable? Artificial intelligence will help us to live better in this social condition or will give the coup de grace? There are many advanced research to support the elderly by intelligent entities.
Information technology is already an important factor in our way of life and help transform the mode of social interaction, the health, education, trade, production and entertainment. Progressively we entrust our most intimate facts to personal assistants who will make decisions for us and suggest options in various fields.
Besides the aforementioned impact on the world of work we have to consider industrial change. 3D printing could revolutionize also significantly factories and factors of production as we understand them today. The financial world has been losing the confidence of investors, also due to increasingly intensive competition between computer agents and human consultants. Already today many articles are written by programs, rather than by journalists  . The cars that drive themselves are a reality. It is emerging a new generation of industrial robots able to learn to do a task looking human workers around him. This will allow the adoption of instruments of this kind also by small and medium-sized companies.
This year in Paris will take place COP21 (Conference on Climate Change). It 'a conference on the environment in which most people are looking with renewed attention. No one denies the environmental impacts of human activities and the disasters that already are generating. future warming. Artificial Intelligence could help increase the level of pollution and CO2 emission because the processing power that needs the machines to work has a significant impact, but it would also optimize the use of natural resources and lead to a sustainable economy, helping us to better understand the ecological impact and guide decisions of the effects in the medium-long term of our energy choices and productive. Much of the research and achievements on smart cities goes in this direction. There is also a lot of research on the optimization of resource consumption (especially electricity).
A contribution to the definition of natural and artificial intelligence[modifica]
The definition of intelligence and artificial intelligence are still the subject of much debate. The Turing test is an operational definition that assumes that humans are intelligent, a machine, indistinguishable from a human being (although in an environment that provides a limited interaction) is smart. Today this definition seems insufficient. First of all we are not sure that humans can be defined intelligent (at least not all), then, as often happens in the discipline of AI, we are on the threshold to pass the test and this does not satisfy us. Also there are animals that would not exceed certainly the Turing test in which we recognize intelligent behaviors (cooperation between fishermen and Delfin).
Surely the intelligence has to do with the ability to solve problems. And 'it recognized that this power has allowed us to increase our fitness to survive in hostile environments getting food, saving, creating weather protective, developing a knowledge transmittable, etc. I therefore propose a new definition of intelligence: the ability to adapt to your environment, modifying or changing our behavior in order to increase the probability of survival and improve our living conditions.
An intelligent machine, according to this paradigm, is able to modify itself and its behavior in order to maximize his chances of survival.
If we're smart we should be able to use (ally with) intelligent machines in order to maximize the chance of survival and improving our living conditions.
At the bottom it is what we did long ago with dogs, horses, etc.
event in Ferrara[modifica]
Impacts of AI afternoon of 09.24.2015
- 14:30- 14:40 Piero Poccianti - Introduzione
- 14:40- 14:55 Francesca Rossi - Ethical intelligent systems - 
- 14:55- 15:10 Moshe Vardi - Economical Impact of AI - 
- 15:10-15:25 Oren Etzioni AI Won't exterminate Us - it Will Empower Us 
- 15:25 – 15:35 spazio al pubblico
- 15:35-15:45 Amedeo Cesta - chiusura - 
- James Barrat. Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era. Thomas Dunne Books, 2013.
- Erik Brynjolfsson, Andrew McAfee. The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies. Brilliance Audio, 2014.
- Erik Brynjolfsson, Andrew McAfee. Race Against the Machine: How the Digital Revolution is Accelerating Innovation, Driving Productivity, and Irreversibly Transforming Employment and the Economy. Digital Frontier Press, 2012
- SuperIntelligence Nick Bostrom
- Louis A. Del Monte. The Artificial Intelligence revolution: Will Artificial Intelligence serve us or replace us?, 2014.
- Andy Feng and Georg Graetz. Rise of the Machines: The Effects of Labor-Saving Innovations on Jobs and Wages. 15th IZA/CEPR European Summer Symposium in Labour Economics, 2013.
- The Future of Employment: How Susceptible are jobs to computerisation? Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael A. Osborne September 17, 2013
- Luciano Gallino intervistato su Disoccupazione tecnologica: quanta e quale perdita di posti di lavoro può essere attribuita alle nuove tecnologie informatiche. 1999.
- Robin Hanson. Economic Growth Given Machine Intelligence. J. of Artificial Intelligence Research, to appear. See also this interview.
- John M. Keynes. Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren. Essays in Persuasion, 1930.
- Stan Neilson. Robot Nation: Surviving the Greatest Socio-economic Upheaval of All Time. Eridanus Press, 2011.
- Nils J. Nilsson. Artificial Intelligence, Employment, and Income. AI Magazine 5(2): 5-14, 1984.
- Moshe Vardi interviewed on The Job Market of 2045: what will we do when machines do all the work?. IEEE Spectrum Techwise Conversations, 2013.
- Los Angeles, sceriffi e Intelligenza Artificiale
- l lavoro nel futuro: i robot saranno una minaccia o un'opportunità?
- Intelligenza artificiale. I robot ti ruberanno il tuo lavoro?
- Stephen Hawking: l'Intelligenza Artificiale è un pericolo
- Perché il capitalismo è davvero morto (guida in 6 punti alle aziende del futuro)
- L’intelligenza artificiale “2.0” “next big thing” di Silicon Valley
- disoccupazione-tecnologica-siamo-davvero-meglio-dei-robot ?
- Disoccupazione e crescente automazione nel mondo del lavoro.
- research_priorities Futures Life Institute
- life expectation